Tradition

Like many Colombian families, the Bohórquez grew up with the coffee plantations, those that on the family farm were loaded with a special coffee for its flavor and aroma, and that since 1942, thanks to the vision of Don Luis Felipe Bohórquez Melo, began to be exported and to contribute to the positioning of Colombian coffee in the international market.

The love for the coffee culture and the knowledge of the market set another course: to roast and pack the best coffee with the objective of guaranteeing its freshness and offering it to our country and to the world.

¿WHAT'S COFFEE? Coffee, a bean from Abyssinia, today Ethiopia, begins its conquest as beverage in the world. It arrived in Europe through Italy in 1645, spreading quickly to other European countries such as The Netherlands and France, from where it set out to the colonies in America. Soon, it expanded throughout the Southern part of the American continent. It arrived in Colombia through the province of Norte de Santander continuing its expansion to Santander where it found suitable soil and climate for its cultivation. This region is characterized for producing the best crops and an excellent quality berry recognized worldwide as one of the best specialty coffees.

REGION
SANTANDER
The Bucaramanga variety coffee grows in the department of Santander, located around the Eastern region. This coffee region is mainly of Arabian, Caturra and Typical variety. It grows at altitudes between 1,000 to 1,800 meters above sea level, among the upper middle levels of Colombia. These altitudes mean that only twice harvests per year are given, from August to January and from mid-May to July. Most coffee plantations grow under shade and in smallholdings (small farms).

GROWING PROCESS

TORREFACTION

Get to know the details of coffee cultivation, from planting to harvesting.

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Coffee bushes take three to four years to mature. After the appearance of delicate white buds with a strong aroma of jasmine, the bushes bear fruit in rows along their branches. This cherry-like fruit contains the coffee bean or seed inside. It is initially green in color, but gradually darkens to a crimson red.
Arabica beans take six to eight months to ripen. Robust beans take up to three months longer. This means that coffee can only be harvested once a year, although the variable climate of Colombia and Kenya allows for a second harvest.
The coffee harvesting season varies according to the geography of the terrain: those regions that produce coffee to the north of the Equator generally harvest their coffee plantations at the end of the year, while in the southern hemisphere coffee is harvested in the spring. Equatorial countries can harvest coffee throughout the year.
Although some mechanized harvests are carried out, harvesting coffee manually results in a better selection of beans without spoiling the bushes in the way that mechanized harvesting does. Most Arabica coffee is harvested manually.
Two methods are used to process the harvested coffee beans. The most economical is known as the “dry” method, in which the harvested beans are laid out in the sun and raked regularly to prevent fermentation. Once “dry” (they actually still contain some moisture), they are stored in silos to lose the rest of the moisture. The “wet” method of processing coffee beans preserves more of the bean’s flavor. The pulp that surrounds the bean is removed as soon as the coffee is harvested and the rest of the pulp is eliminated with water. While the beans are floating in the water, it is also possible to separate the small beans from the larger, ripe beans.
After each of these processes, the beans are dried in parchment wrappers. In this way they are stored, as parchment coffee, ready to be transferred for cleaning and classified, depending on their size and density, into established categories, before being sold. In the classification process all beans that are black, rotten or that present any type of imperfection are also removed. Errors in this sense could result in the loss of the entire shipment.
When a consignment of coffee is offered, the coffee is tasted in the form of liquor by the coffee growers that buy the beans. Afterwards, they will roast the coffee to the point that satisfies the taste of their local markets.

Roasting is the process of drying and roasting coffee beans in order to eliminate most of their humidity.

The temperature applied generates chemical changes within the beans that bring out their fragrance, flavor, aroma, sweetness, acidity and body.

The roasting machines, the experience of our team and the knowledge of the harvest, ensure the success of roasting, because it is here where each bean brings out its best and shows its original quality.

Being Bohrcafé’s roasters allows us to ensure that you will always have a cup of the best quality.

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